1.0 History/ Background
To develop, maintain and manage the National Highways, the Parliament enacted the National Highways Authority of India Act, 1988. NHAI came into existence with effect from June I5, 1989. However, it was operationalised only in February 1995. Section 11 of this Act provides for vesting in or entrustment to the Authority of such National Highways or any stretches thereof, which the Central Government may notify from time to time in the Official Gazette. NHAI is constituted as a body corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power, subject to the provisions of the NHAI Act, to acquire, hold and dispose property, both movable and immovable, and to contract and by the said name sue or be sued. The Authority consists of a Chairman, not more than five full-time and not more than four part time members, all to be appointed by the Central Government.
To keep its operations organized and meaningful, NHAI defines its
mission as under:
“To meet the nation’s need for the provision and maintenance of National
Highways network to global standards and to meet user’s expectations in
the most time bound and cost effective manner, within the strategic policy
framework set by the Government of India and thus promote economic
well- being and quality of life of the people.”
Maintain and manage the NHs so as to ensure safe, efficient an environmentally sound movement of passengers and goods.
Extend, improve, maintain and operate the NH network in support of the economic development of the country.
Implement externally funded road programmes in an efficient, effective, and timely manner.
Seek viable ways to involve the private sector in the provision, maintenance and operation of NHs.
Encourage research and develop effective liaison with institutions involved in research in road and road related issues.
Incorporate environmental and social safeguards in all relevant aspects of project planning and implementation and provide a congenial environment including landscaping, tree plantation and pleasant road sides to ensure safe, comfortable and pleasant driving.
Provide en-route facilities for the road users.
Works shall be classified as follows:
(a) Original Works
(b) Corridor Management Works, including Maintenance
These will comprise all works of developmental nature by way of creation of new assets, or the up-gradation of existing assets, such as Works of 4-Laning/6- Laning, Works of Improvement and Strengthening, Bridges, Expressways, Development of New National Highways, Buildings and their additions & alterations, etc.
Corridor Management Works
These will include works connected with the management of the highways, such as: Maintenance, Enforcement, Traffic, Safety,
Encroachments, Ribbon, Development, Wayside Amenities, Roadside Advertisements, Land Management, Access Control, Traffic Management, etc.
Maintenance Works will include all works of:
(a) Ordinary repairs
(b) Periodic renewals
(c) Special repairs
(d) Flood damages
4.0 What Engineers Can Gain?
NHAI provides various specification manual on 4 & 6 lane highways, rules and regulations of NH, engineers can know the information about the ongoing highway projects across the country.
5.0 Facilities/ Services/ Powers of NHAI
Functions of the NHAI, stated generally, are to develop, maintain and manage the National Highways and any other highways vested in, or
entrusted to, it by the Government.
Survey, develop, maintain and manage highways vested in, or entrusted to it.
Construct offices or workshops and establish and maintain hotels, motels, restaurants and rest rooms at or near the highways vested in, or entrusted to, it.
Construct residential buildings and townships for its employees.
Regulate and control the plying of vehicles on the highways vested in, or entrusted to, it for proper management thereof.
Develop and provide consultancy and construction services in India and abroad and carry on research activities in relation to the development, maintenance and management of highways or any facilities thereat.
Provide such facilities and amenities for the users of the highways vested in or entrusted to it as are, in its opinion necessary for smooth flow of traffic on such highways.
Form one or more companies under the Companies Act, 1956 to further the efficient discharge of the functions imposed on it by the NHAI Act.
Engage, or entrust any of its functions to, any corporation and body corporate owned or controlled by the Government.
Advise the Central Government on matters relating to highways.
Assist, on mutually agreed terms and conditions, any State Government in the formulation and implementation of schemes for highway development.
Collect fees on behalf of the Central Government for services or benefits rendered under section 7 of the National Highways Act, 1956, as amended from time to time, and such other fees on behalf of the State Governments on such terms and conditions as may be specified by such State Government.
Take all steps as may be necessary or convenient for, or may be incidental to, the exercise of any power or discharge any of functions conferred or imposed on it.
5.1 Powers Of NHAI
To discharge its functions, NHAl is authorized, to:
Appoint such number of officers and other employees, as it may consider necessary on such terms and conditions as may be laid down by the regulations.
Appoint, from time to time, any person as adviser or consultant as it may consider necessary, on such terms and conditions as may be laid down by the regulations.
Acquire any land required by it for discharging its functions is deemed to be the land needed for a public purpose and it can acquire the land under the provisions of the National Highways Act, 1956.
Enter upon, subject to regulations made in this behalf, any land or premises to make inspection, survey, measurement, valuation or enquiry, take levels, dig or bore into sub-soil, set out boundaries and intended lines of work, mark such levels, boundaries and lines by placing marks and cutting trenches, or do such acts or things as may be prescribed.
Make regulations concerning.
(i) The terms and conditions of service, method of recruitment and remuneration of the officers and other employees appointed by it.
(ii) The form and manner in which a contract or class of contracts may be made by it, and the contract or class of contracts which are to
be sealed with the common seal of the Authority.
(iii) General matters for efficient and proper maintenance and management of National Highways including the manner of
• preventing obstructions on the National Highways for their normal functioning;
• prohibiting the parking or waiting of any vehicle or carriage on the National Highway, except at places specified by it;
• prohibiting or restricting access to any part of the National Highway; and
• regulating or restricting advertisements on/around National Highways.
The year saw concrete steps being taken for ahead of schedule completion of the Prime Minister’s dream National Highways Development Project (NHDP), India’a largest ever highways project. The NHDP is a major initiative towards qualitative and quantitative enhancement of the National Highways, involving development and 4/6 laning of about 13,150 km of road at a cost of over Rs. 54,000 crore.
7.0 Future Planning
Target of Eleventh Plan (2007-2012) is to Develop 6-lane Roads of 6,500 km stretch, Development of 4-lane Roads of 6,736 km NS-EW corridors, 4-laning of 20,000 km, 2-laning of 20,000 km, Development of 1,000 km of Expressways. Construction of Ring Roads, By pass, Flyovers etc. and other projects under NHDP Phase VII.
8.0 Important people in the organisations
Shri A.K. Upadhyay- Chairman
Shri Rajiv Yadav- Member (Admin)
Dr. J.N.Singh- Member (Finance)
Shri V.L. Patankar- Member (Technical)
Shri B.N. Singh – Member (Projects)
9.0 Website Includes
Information of RTI Act, Road Networks of India which includes network of Highways, Information of the funds generation for the projects, Finance Mechanism, Information about the safety rules and regulations, NH acts and rules, Manuals for the specifications of 4 and 6 lane Roads, information about Ongoing and completed Projects, Registration Facility of E- Tendering, information about the Bidding process, present tenders for the upcoming projects etc.